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 De Quervain Tenosynovitis

De Quervain Tenosynovitis

Hand Surgery

31 May

26Min

De Quervain Tenosynovitis is a stenosing tenosynovitis of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons at the 1st dorsal compartment of the wrist. It was first described by Fritz de Quervain in 1895.… Read More
 Hammer Toe Deformity

Hammer Toe Deformity

Foot Surgery

21 May

11Min

The hammer toe deformity is one of the most common deformity of lesser toes of the foot. It’s used to describe an abnormal flexion posture of the proximal interphalangeal joint of one of the lesser… Read More
 Fracture Healing

Fracture Healing

Basic Science

18 May

51Min

Fracture healing is a series of events that is triggered from the moment of trauma that caused the fracture to the time of bone remodeling. Blood supply (bone blood flow) is the most important factor… Read More
 Pelvic Anatomy

Pelvic Anatomy

Anatomy

4 May

26Min

A full understanding of pelvic anatomy is required to treat pelvic fractures, to prevent iatrogenic injuries, and to provide the best results. Learning Pelvic Anatomy is composed of learning bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves and vascular… Read More
 Sacral Fracture

Sacral Fracture

Trauma

1 May

20Min

Sacral Fracture is usually a mistreated fracture that results from high energy trauma in young patient, it’s commonly associated with pelvic ring fractures in about (30-45 %). It also may be associated with neurological complications… Read More
 Patellar Instability

Patellar Instability

Sports Medicine

20 April

47Min

Patellar instability can fall on the spectrum of frank dislocation to subtle subluxation, the dislocation is typically lateral. Epidemiology Patellar Instability most commonly occurs in 2nd-3rd decades of life. Recurrence rate following first-time dislocation is… Read More
 Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)

Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)

Reconstruction

17 April

25Min

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) occurs when anatomic variation of the hip causes impingement between the femoral head-neck junction and the acetabular rim during functional range of motion. There are three types of Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI): Cam… Read More
 Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis SCFE

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis SCFE

Pediatric

11 April

36Min

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis is a disorder of proximal femoral epiphysis where there is a slippage of the epiphysis relative to the femoral neck. It’s caused by weakness of perichondrial ring and slippage through hypertrophic… Read More

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What is SLAP Lesion?

What is SLAP Lesion? SLAP Lesion is the abbreviation of Superior Labrum from Anterior to Posterior tears in…

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) generally includes subluxation (partial dislocation) of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and…

Clavicle Fractures

The clavicle fracture is one of the most frequently fractures inthe body. The clavicle fractures most often resulting…

Osteonecrosis of the Hip

Osteonecrosis of the Hip is a progressive disease that is a result of a loss of circulation to…

Brachial Plexus Anatomy

The brachial plexus arises from the anterior rami of the cervical spine roots of (C5 – C6 –…

Green Classification of Trigger finger

What is the Green Classification of Trigger finger? Trigger finger is a Stenosing tenosynovitis caused by inflammation of…

Factors affecting Fracture Healing

Factors affecting Fracture Healing include Systemic Factors and Local Factors. Fracture healing is a complex process that requires…

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a compressive neuropathy of the tibial nerve within the fibro-osseous tunnel posterior and inferior…

Adult Hallux Valgus

Hallux Valgus is not a single disorder, but it’s a complex deformity. It is defined as lateral deviation…
Special Test Application

Surgical Approaches


Anterolateral Approach to Ankle Joint

The anterolateral approach to ankle joint is used to open reduction and internal fixation of pilon fractures, open…

Anteromedial Approach to Ankle Joint

The Anteromedial Approach to Ankle Joint is used for open reduction and internal fixation of medial malleolus fractures,…

Anterior Approach to Ankle Joint

The anterior approach to Ankle Joint provides excellent exposure of the ankle joint for arthrodesis.

Approach to the Fibula

The approach to the fibula employs a classic extensile exposure and offers access to all parts of the fibula.

Posterolateral Approach to the Tibia

The posterolateral approach to the Tibia is used to expose the middle two thirds of the tibia when…

Anterolateral Approach to Lateral Plateau

The anterolateral approach to lateral plateau of tibia is used mainly for open reduction and internal fixation of…

Anterior Approach to Tibia

The anterior approach to tibia bone offers safe, easy access to the medial (subcutaneous) and lateral (extensor) surfaces…

Posterior Approach To Knee Joint

The posterior approach to knee joint is neurovascular approach primarily. It's rarely is needed by orthopedic surgeon because the…

Lateral Approach to Knee Joint

The lateral approach to knee joint provides access to all the supporting structures on the lateral side of…

Medial Approach to Knee Joint

The medial approach to knee joint provides a good exposure of the ligamentous structures on the medial side…

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Special Test Application
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 Sacroiliac Stress Test

Sacroiliac Stress Test

Spine Examination

Sacroiliac Stress Test (or Sacroiliac Distraction Test) demonstrates involvement of the anterior sacroiliac ligaments in a sacroiliac joint…
 Yeoman Test

Yeoman Test

Spine Examination

Yeoman Test is a special test used to assess sacroiliac joint pain. It's performed in prone position with…
 Derbolowsky Test

Derbolowsky Test

Spine Examination

Derbolowsky test is a clinical test used to assess a leg length difference: an advancement phenomenon with the…
 Standing Flexion Test

Standing Flexion Test

Spine Examination

Standing flexion test is used to assess sacroiliac joint function, the examiner observes the position of both iliac…
 Three-Phase Hyperextension Test

Three-Phase Hyperextension Test

Spine Examination

Three-Phase Hyperextension Test (or Mennell sign) is used to differentiate whether the pathology is in the lumbar spine,…
 Pelvic ligaments Tests

Pelvic ligaments Tests

Hip Examination

Pelvic ligaments Tests are set of tests that is used to functional assessment of the pelvic ligaments: iliolumbar…
 Bragard Test

Bragard Test

Spine Examination

Bragard Test is used to evaluate nerve root compression, differentiating a genuine Lasegue sign from a pseudo-Lasegue sign. 
 Prone Knee Bending Test

Prone Knee Bending Test

Spine Examination

Prone Knee Bending Test (also known as reversed lasegue test) is used to evaluate the nerve roots of…
 Springing Test

Springing Test

Spine Examination

Springing Test is used for localization of functional impairments in the lumbar spine, it's also used to examine…