Load and Shift Test

 Load and Shift Test

What is Load and Shift Test?

See Also: Anterior Shoulder Instability

How it’s Performed?

Supine Position:

Sitting Position:

This test can also be performed in sitting position:

The amount of anterior translation is graded:

What does a positive Load and Shift Test mean?

The normal motion anteriorly is half of the distance of the humeral head.

Load and Shift test grading
Load and Shift test Grading

Sensitivity & Specificity



  1. Vincent A. Lizzio, Fabien Meta, Mohsin Fidai, and Eric C. Makhnicorresponding author. Clinical Evaluation and Physical Exam Findings in Patients with Anterior Shoulder Instability. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2017 Dec; 10(4): 434–441. PMID: 29043566.
  2. Gerber C, Ganz R: Clinical assessment of instability of the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg 66B:551, 1984.
  3. Clinical Tests for the Musculoskeletal System 3rd Edition.
  4. Dutton’s Orthopaedic Examination, Evaluation, And Intervention 3rd Edition.

Share with Friends:

Read Also:

Related Tests

Neer Test

Neer Test (or subacromial injection test) is an injection procedure used to test for Impingement Syndrome of the…

Lift Off Test

Lift Off Test (or Gerber Lift Off Test) is used to check for isolated rupture of the subscapularis…

Sulcus Sign

Sulcus Sign is used to detect inferior instability due to a laxity of the superior glenohumeral and coracohumeral…

See Also:

Latest from Orthofixar

Distal Radius Fractures

Distal Radius Fractures is the most common fracture encountered by orthopedic trauma surgeons accounting for 17.5% of all…

Kohler’s Disease

Kohler's Disease (or Osteochondrosis of the tarsal navicular) is an avascular necrosis of the navicular bone of the…

Dupuytren Contracture

Dupuytren contracture is a painless, but progressive flexion contracture of the fingers caused by a benign fibroproliferative disorder.

Mortons Neuroma Symptoms and Treatment

Mortons Neuroma is a compressive neuropathy of the interdigital nerve, usually between the third and fourth metatarsals.

Special Tests App

Special Test Application
Special Test Application