Load and Shift Test

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 Load and Shift Test

What is Load and Shift Test?

See Also: Anterior Shoulder Instability

How it’s Performed?

Supine Position:

Sitting Position:

This test can also be performed in sitting position:

The amount of anterior translation is graded:

What does a positive Load and Shift Test mean?

The normal motion anteriorly is half of the distance of the humeral head.

Load and Shift test grading
Load and Shift test Grading

Sensitivity & Specificity



  1. Vincent A. Lizzio, Fabien Meta, Mohsin Fidai, and Eric C. Makhnicorresponding author. Clinical Evaluation and Physical Exam Findings in Patients with Anterior Shoulder Instability. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2017 Dec; 10(4): 434–441. PMID: 29043566.
  2. Gerber C, Ganz R: Clinical assessment of instability of the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg 66B:551, 1984.
  3. Clinical Tests for the Musculoskeletal System 3rd Edition.
  4. Dutton’s Orthopaedic Examination, Evaluation, And Intervention 3rd Edition.

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