Hip Quadrant Test

 Hip Quadrant Test

What is the hip Quadrant test for?

The Hip quadrant test (or as it called scour test) is a dynamic test of the inner and outer quadrants of the hip joint surface.

See Also: Pelvic Anatomy

How do you do a quadrant test?

The patient is positioned in supine, close to the edge of the bed, with their hip flexed and foot resting on the bed. The clinician places one hand over the top of the patient’s knee.

Throughout the entire movement, the femur is held midway between internal and external rotation, and the movement at the hip joint should follow the smooth arc of a circle.

Hip Quadrant Test (scour test)
Hip Quadrant Test (scour test)

What does a positive Scour test (Quadrant test) mean?

An abnormal finding is resistance, apprehension, or pain felt anywhere during the arc (positive Quadrant Test).

The pain can result from compression of, or stress to, a number of structures by the femur through the various ranges, the structures are:

  1. the articular surfaces of the hip joint;
  2. the labrum;
  3. the hip joint capsule;
  4. the insertion of the Tensor fasciae latae and the sartorius muscles;
  5. the iliopsoas muscle;
  6. the Iliopsoas Bursa and neurovascular bundle;
  7. the insertion of the pectineus muscle;
  8. the insertion of the adductor longus muscle;
  9. the femoral neck.

The resistance may be caused by:

Sensitivity & Specificity

A study to investigate the prevalence of acetabular labrum tears in athletes presenting with groin pain found that the The internal rotation-flexion-axial compression manoeuvre (Hip Quadrant Test) has the following values: 1

Notes

Given all of the possible diagnoses, extreme care must be taken when interpreting the results from this test. Of the various studies that have looked at the Scour test, most have had poor study designs. Given the wide range of possible diagnoses with a positive finding, and the variety of patients this test is used with, bias is likely to result.

hip joint anatomy
Hip joint anatomy

References

  1. Narvani AA, Tsiridis E, Kendall S, Chaudhuri R, Thomas P. A preliminary report on prevalence of acetabular labrum tears in sports patients with groin pain. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2003 Nov;11(6):403-8. doi: 10.1007/s00167-003-0390-7. Epub 2003 Jul 26. PMID: 12897984.
  2. Maitland GD: The Peripheral Joints: Examination and Recording Guide. Adelaide: Virgo Press, 1973.
  3. Dutton’s Orthopaedic Examination, Evaluation, And Intervention 3rd Edition.

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