Lift Off Test

 Lift Off Test

What is Lift Off Test?

Lift-Off Test (or Gerber Lift Off Test) is used to check for isolated rupture of the subscapularis tendon of the rotator cuff of the shoulder.

See Also: Rotator Cuff of the Shoulder

How it’s Performed?

Lift Off Test

What does a positive Lift Off Test mean?

See Also: Belly Press Test

Sensitivity & Specificity

The test has been found to have a high sensitivity and specificity for a tear of the subscapularis1:

Another study by Márcio Schiefer addressed that lift off test has a low Sensitivity (25 %) and high Specificity (92 %) 2 .



  1. Gerber C, Krushell RJ: Isolated rupture of the tendon of the subscapularis muscle: clinical features in 16 cases. J Bone Joint Surg 73B:389–394, 1991. PMID: 1670434.
  2. Márcio Schiefer, Yonder Archanjo Ching-San Júnior, Sérgio Maurício Silva, César Fontenelle, Marcos Genúncio Dias Carvalho, Fabio Garcia de Faria, and José Sérgio Franco: CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF SUBSCAPULARIS TENDON TEAR USING THE BEAR HUG SEMIOLOGICAL MANEUVER. Rev Bras Ortop. 2012 Sep-Oct; 47(5): 588–592. PMID: 27047870
  3. Stefko JM, Jobe FW, Vanderwilde RS, Carden E, Pink M. Electromyographic and nerve block analysis of the subscapularis lift off test. J Shoulder Elb Surg. 1997;6:347–55.
  4. Campbel’s Operative Orthopaedics 13th Book
  5. Clinical Tests for the Musculoskeletal System, Third Edition book.
  6. Mark Dutton, Pt . Dutton’s Orthopaedic Examination, Evaluation, And Intervention, 3rd Edition Book.
  7. Millers Review of Orthopaedics, 7th Edition Book.

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