Pivot Shift Test
Pivot Shift Test is used to diagnosis of rotatory instability related to injury of anterior cruciate ligament ACL…
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What is Pivot Shift Test?
How it's Performed?
- Flexing the knee from 0° (full extension) to 90° of knee flexion while applying an internal rotation stress to the tibia and a valgus stress to the knee.
What does a positive Pivot Shift Test mean?
- A positive test is seen with a rapid anterior subluxation of the tibia at 20–30° of flexion as it reduces under the femoral condyles.
- Functionally, this is reproducing the event that occurs when the knee gives way due to ACL rupture.
Sensitivity & Specificity
- Sensitivity: 24 %
- Specificity: 98 %
Lachman Test is used to Assess the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
The purpose of the Dial Test is to diagnose Posterolateral Knee Instability.
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