Varus Test of the knee

Varus Test of the knee is used to test Integrity of the  lateral collateral ligament
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 Varus Test of the knee

What is Varus Test of the knee?

  • Varus Test of the knee is used to test Integrity of the  lateral collateral ligament


How it's Performed?

  • Patient is supine with the affected knee in full extension.
  • Examiner stabilizes the affected leg in slight external rotation with one hand on the lateral malleolus.
  • Examiner places their other hand on the medial aspect of the knee.
  • Examiner applies a laterally directed (a varus) stress on the medial knee.
  • Flex their knee to 30 degrees and apply the same pressure on the lateral side to isolate the lateral collateral ligament.

What does a positive Varus Test of the knee mean?

  • Positive Varus Test:

    • Presence of pain and hypermobility at the lateral aspect of the knee

Reference


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