Knee Examination

Special Tests in Orthopedic Surgery. Knee Examination, this section contains all special tests to examine and evaluate knee joint. ACL tests, meniscus tests, MCL and LCL tests, Patella tests.


 Reverse Pivot Shift Test

Reverse Pivot Shift Test

The Reverse pivot shift test is a dynamic test to demonstrate abnormal posterolateral laxity of the knee by… Read More
 Pivot Shift Test

Pivot Shift Test

Pivot shift test is a manipulative test for demonstrating the rotatory subluxation that is often associated with anterior… Read More
 Finochietto Sign

Finochietto Sign

Finochietto Sign (or jump sign) simultaneously tests for anterior cruciate ligament ACL and meniscus injuries of the knee. Read More
 Duck Walk Test

Duck Walk Test

Duck Walk Test (or Childress Sign) is a weightbearing test that is used to evaluate the posterior horn… Read More
 Lachman Test

Lachman Test

Lachman Test (or Noulis Test) is used to assess the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of… Read More
 Merke Test

Merke Test

The Merke Test that's similar to Thessaly test is used to evaluate the lateral / medial meniscus tear… Read More
 Payr Test

Payr Test

Payr Test is a special test used to evaluate the meniscus injury of the knee, especially the posterior… Read More
 Apley Grinding Test

Apley Grinding Test

Apley grinding Test (Apley compression test) is used to evaluate the medial or lateral Meniscal Injury of the knee… Read More
 Patellar Tilt Test

Patellar Tilt Test

The primary purpose of the Patellar Tilt Test is to evaluate tension in the lateral retinaculum of the… Read More
 McConnell Test

McConnell Test

McConnell Test is a provocative test that is used to evaluate the tracking of the knee patellofemoral joint. Read More

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Thomas Test

Thomas Test (or as it called Hugh Owen Thomas well leg raising test) is used to measure the…

What is SLAP Lesion?

What is SLAP Lesion? SLAP Lesion is the abbreviation of Superior Labrum from Anterior to Posterior tears in…

Durkan Test

Durkan Test or as it called the carpal compression test is used to test for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome…

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) generally includes subluxation (partial dislocation) of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and…

SNAC and SLAC of the wrist

What is SNAC and SLAC of the wrist stands for? 1. SLAC of the wrist: SLAC stands for…

Green Classification of Trigger finger

What is the Green Classification of Trigger finger? Trigger finger is a Stenosing tenosynovitis caused by inflammation of…

Maudsley Test

Maudsley Test (or tennis elbow test) is used for lateral epicondylitis of the elbow joint, also known as ”Tennis…

Ankle Anatomy

The ankle anatomy is a complex hinged synovial joint that is formed by three bones: the tibia, the…

De Quervain Tenosynovitis

De Quervain Tenosynovitis is a stenosing tenosynovitis of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons at…

Brachial Plexus Anatomy

The brachial plexus Anatomy is a complicated network of nerves arises from the anterior rami of the cervical…